Lord Siva is a Very Dear Friend of Lord Krsna
dharayisyati te vegam rudras tv atma saririnam
yasminn otam idam protam visvam sativa tantusu
Like a cloth woven of threads extending for its length and breadth, this entire universe, in all its latitude and longitude, is situated under different potencies of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Lord Siva is the incarnation of the Lord, and thus he represents the Supersoul in the embodied soul. He can sustain your forceful waves on his head. [SB 9.9.7]
The water of the Ganges is supposed to rest on the head of Lord Siva. Lord Siva is an incarnation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who sustains the entire universe by different potencies. Lord Siva is described in the Brahma-samhita:
ksiram yatha dadhi vikara-visesa-yogat
sanjayate na hi tatah prthag asti hetoh
yah sambhutam api tatha samupaiti karyad
govindam adi-purusam tam aham bhajami
"Milk changes into yogurt when mixed with a yogurt culture, but actually yogurt is constitutionally nothing but milk. Similarly, Govinda, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, assumes the form of Lord Siva for the special purpose of material transactions. I offer my obeisances at Lord Govinda's lotus feet." [Bs. 5.45]
Lord Siva is the Supreme Personality of Godhead in the same sense that yogurt is also milk although at the same time it is not milk. For the maintenance of the material world there are three incarnations—Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswar (Lord Siva). Lord Siva is Visnu in an incarnation for the mode of ignorance. The material world exists predominantly in the mode of ignorance. Therefore Lord Siva is compared here to the longitude and latitude of the entire universe, which resembles a cloth woven of threads extending for both its length and breadth.
by Srila Gour Govinda Swami Maharaja
Chief of the Vaisnavas
This is siva-tattva. Siva-tattva is special tattva. In the Bhagavatam you will find siva-tattva has been discussed in many places. In the twelfth canto Bhagavatam you will find:
nimna-ganam yatha ganga devanam acyuto yatha
vaisnavanam yatha sambhuh purananam idam tatha
Just as the Ganga is the greatest of all rivers, Lord Acyuta the supreme among deities and Lord Sambhu [Siva] the greatest of vaisnavas, so Srimad Bhagavatam is the greatest of all Puranas. [SB 12.13.16]
As the Ganges is the best of all rivers and Lord Vishnu is the best of all Lords so vaisnavanam yatha sambhuh — Sambhu, Sankara, Siva is the chief of vaisnavas. Similarly, purananam idam — of all the puranas, idam bhagavatam maha-purananam, Srimad Bhagavatam is the best. So Sivaji is a krsna-bhakta, he is a devotee of Krsna.
In Caitanya-caritamrta also you will find:
ananta brahmande rudra — sadasivera amsa
gunavatara tenho, sarva-deva-avatamsa
Rudra, who is an expansion of Sadasiva and who appears in unlimited universes, is also a gunavatara [qualitative incarnation] and is the ornament of all the demigods in the endless universes. [Cc. Adi 6.79]
tenho karena krsnera dasya-pratyasa
nirantara kahe siva, ‘muni krsna-dasa’
He also desires only to be a servant of Lord Krsna. Sri Sadasiva always says, “I am a servant of Lord Krsna.” [Cc. Adi 6.80]
krsna-preme unmatta, vihvala digambara
krsna-guna-lila gaya, nace nirantara
Intoxicated by ecstatic love for Lord Krsna, he becomes overwhelmed and incessantly dances without clothing and sings about Lord Krsna’s qualities and pastimes. [Cc. Adi 6.81]
This is Siva. He is a Krsna-bhakta, a dear devotee of Krsna. Again in Srimad Bhagavatam (12.10.34). Markandeya Muni offers this prayer to Lord Siva:
varam ekam vrne ’thapi purnat kamabhivarsanat
bhagavaty acyutam bhaktim tat-paresu tatha tvayi
But I do request one benediction from you, who are full of all perfection and able to shower down the fulfillment of all desires. I ask to have unfailing devotion for the Supreme Personality of Godhead and for His dedicated devotees, especially you. [SB 12.10.34]
“O Sivaji, Sankara, you are completely full, purna. You fulfill all the desires of your devotees; therefore, seeing you, I am offering you this prayer. Please, fulfill my desire. Let me have unflinching bhakti unto Krsna and unto you, who are completely surrendered unto Krsna.”
This is Markandeya Muni’s prayer to Sivaji. In many places you will find this siva-tattva. In the Srimad Bhagavatam, (4.30.38) the Precetas pray to Lord Visnu:
vayam tu saksad bhagavan bhavasya
priyasya sakhyuh ksana-sangamena
suduscikitsyasya bhavasya mrtyor
bhisaktamam tvadya gatim gatah sma
“Dear Lord, by virtue of a moment’s association with Lord Siva, who is very dear to You and who is Your most intimate friend, we were fortunate to attain You. You are the most expert physician, capable of treating the incurable disease of material existence. On account of our great fortune, we have been able to take shelter at Your lotus feet.”
Because of association with Lord Siva for a moment we got this opportunity to meet you, you are very, priyasya sakhyuh — Sivaji is Your very dear friend, Your very intimate friend.
In the purport to this verse, Srila Prabhupada has described:
It has been said: harim vina na srtim taranti. Without taking shelter of the lotus feet of the Personality of Godhead, one cannot attain relief from the clutches of maya, the repetition of birth, old age, disease and death. The Pracetas received the shelter of the Supreme Personality of Godhead by the grace of Lord Siva. Lord Siva is the supreme devotee of Lord Vishnu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Vaisnavanam yatha sambhuh: the most exalted vaisnava is Lord Siva, and those who are actually devotees of Lord Siva follow Lord Siva’s advice and take shelter at the lotus feet of Lord Visnu. The so-called devotees of Lord Siva, who are simply after material prosperity, are in a way deceived by Lord Siva. He does not actually deceive them, because Lord Siva has no business deceiving people, but because the so-called devotees of Lord Siva want to be deceived, Lord Siva, who is very easily pleased, allows them all kinds of material benedictions. These benedictions might ironically result in the destruction of the so-called devotees. For instance, Ravan took all material benedictions from Lord Siva, but the result was that he was ultimately destroyed along with his family, kingdom and everything else because he misused Lord Siva’s benediction. Because of his material power he became very proud and puffed up so that he dared kidnap the wife of Lord Ramachandra. In this way he was ruined. To get material benedictions from Lord Siva is not difficult, but actually these are not benedictions. The Pracetas received benediction from Lord Siva, and as a result they attained the shelter of the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu. This is real benediction. The gopis also worshiped Lord Siva in Vrindavan, and the lord is still staying there as Gopiswar. The gopis, however, prayed that Lord Siva bless them by giving them Lord Krsna as their husband. There is no harm in worshiping the demigods, provided that one’s aim is to return home, back to Godhead. Generally people go to the demigods for material benefit, as indicated in Bhagavad-gita (7.20):
kamais tais tair hrta-jnanah prapadyante ’nya-devatah
tam tam niyamam asthaya prakrtya niyatah svaya
“Those whose minds are distorted by material desires surrender unto demigods and follow the particular rules and regulations of worship according to their own natures.” One enamored by material benefits is called hrta-jnana, one who has lost his intelligence. In this connection it is to be noted that sometimes in revealed scriptures Lord Siva is described as being non-different from the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The point is that Lord Siva and Lord Visnu are so intimately connected that there is no difference in opinion. The actual fact is, ekale isvara krsna, ara saba bhrtya: “The only supreme master is Krsna, and all others are His devotees or servants.” (Cc. Adi 5.142) This is the real fact, and there is no difference of opinion between Lord Siva and Lord Visnu in this connection. Nowhere in the revealed scripture does Lord Siva claim to be equal to Lord Visnu. This is simply the creation of the so-called devotees of Lord Siva, who claim that Lord Siva and Lord Vishnu are one. This is strictly forbidden in the vaisnava-tantra: yas tu narayanam devam. Lord Visnu, Lord Siva and Lord Brahma are intimately connected as master and servants. Siva-virinci-nutam, Visnu is honored and offered obeisances by Lord Siva and Lord Brahma. To consider that they are all equal is a great offense. They are all equal in the sense that Lord Visnu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead and all others are His eternal servants. [SB 4.30.38, purport]
Sivaji is Non-Different From Lord Visnu
Yes, Prabhupada has given that in the purport. In this verse it has been said.
vayam tu saksad bhagavan bhavasya
priyasya sakhyuh krsna-sangamena
Dear Lord, by virtue of a moment's association with Lord Siva, who is very dear to You and who is Your most intimate friend, we were fortunate to attain You. You are the most expert physician, capable of treating the incurable disease of material existence. On account of our great fortune, we have been able to take shelter at Your lotus feet. [SB 4.30.38]
This word ‘tu’, vayam tu, is a very significant word. This ‘tu’ is used to differentiate something. Srila Prabhupada translates this word priyasya-sakhyuh as "very dear friend." Very dear friend, priyasya-sakhyuh. Sivaji is a very dear friend of Yours, O Lord Vishnu. They say, in Guruvastakam you sing, kintu prabhor yah priya eva tasya.
uktas tatha bhavyata eva sadbhih
kintu prabhor yah priya eva tasya
Kintu, this ‘tu’, kintu prabhor yah priya. This is the same thing, vayam tu; priyasya sakhyuh. Do you understand what I say? These are significant words, priyasya sakhyuh. In sastra, wherever you find this priyasya sakhyuh, whenever you find this usage, you should understand that guru and isvara are non-different. Siva and isvara are non-different. In this sense, Prabhupada has said that thing. In this sense, because He is priyasya sakhyuh, he is priya, a very dear friend. This is the opinion of all acaryas, dear devotees, pure devotees.
In Bhakti-sandarbha, Jiva Goswami has quoted:
suddha-bhaktas tv eke sri-guroh sri-sivasya ca bhagavata
sahabheda-drstim tat-priyatamatvenaiva manyante
Pure devotees say that the spiritual master and Lord Siva are both non-different from the Supreme Personality of Godhead. They are seen in this way because they are both very dear to the Lord. [Bhakti-sandarbha 213.1, Srila Jiva Goswami]
Jiva Goswami has quoted suddha-bhakta, sri-guru. The guru is suddha-bhakta, pure devotee. Siva is a pure devotee, an intimate devotee. Suddha-bhaktas tv eke sri-guroh sri-sivasya ca bhagavata. Abheda, non-different. Saksad-dharitvena samasta-sastrair uktas tatha bhavyata eva sadbhih kintu prabhor yah priya, in that sense abheda. Because Sri Guru and Sri Siva are very dear and intimate to the Lord, in that sense they are abheda, non-different from Krsna. Do you follow? You see in that sense, because they are very dear and intimate, abheda drstim tat-priyatamatvenaiva. This is what Jiva Goswami has said. Priyasya-sakhyuh is also used here. So this is siva-tattva. Siva-tattva is a special tattva. In many places in Bhagavatam you will find it.
Sri Visvaksena the Visnu Bhakta
If some occasion arises to offer worship to Siva, a vaisnava will offer worship to Visnu or Krsna in the Siva murti, because there is no difference, priyasya sakhyuh. Many instances are there. One instance you will find in Visnu-dharmottara [Cited in Bhakti-sandarbha, anucheda 106, Srila Jiva Goswami].
Once there was a great devotee of Lord Visnu, Visvaksena. He is a parama bhagavata devotee. He was traveling throughout the world. Once, feeling tired, he sat down in a forest. There was a village close by. The son of the village chief came to Visvaksena. Seeing that he was a brahmana, he inquired from him, who he was. He then told Visvaksena, "I am the son of the village chief. I have a very bad headache today. I cannot offer worship to my ista, Sivaji today. So I request you, please offer worship to my ista, Sivaji today on my behalf."
Visvaksena said, "I am visnu-bhakta, I am a dear devotee of Visnu. I only offer worship to Krsna, Visnu; Vasudeva, Sankarsana, Pradyumna, Aniruddha, these forms of Krsna, Visnu. I never offer worship to any demigod. Other then these, I never offer worship. You may go somewhere else."
The son of the village chief got angry and drew out his sword, "I will cut off your head if you won’t obey me, if you won’t worship my ista, Siva on my behalf."
In order to save himself from death, Visvaksena said, “Yes, yes, I will worship, I will worship.” He thought, 'He is Rudradeva. Siva is Rudradeva.' Rudra means incarnation of tamo-guna.
Here [in the purport] Srila Prabhupada has written that Lord Siva is the incarnation of tamo-guna.
"This material world exists predominantly in the mode of ignorance. Therefore Lord Siva is compared here to the longitude and latitude of the entire universe, which resembles a cloth woven like this." [SB 9.9.7, purport]
Rudra is the incantation of tamo-guna and Nrsimhadeva is the killer of these demons in whom tamo-guna is predominating. Visvaksena thought, "I must worship Nrsimhadeva in Siva murti to kill this person’s tamo-guna." He thought like that. So he went and offered worship uttering this mantra, sri nrsimhaya namah and offered puspanjali, flowers. When Visvaksena uttered this mantra and the son of the village chief got angry and drew out his sword to cut off his head, "What are you doing? You are uttering Nrisingha mantra? You are not worshiping my ista, Siva!" When he drew out his sword to cut off Visvaksena’s head, immediately Nrsimhadeva appeared from the Siva murti and cut off the head of son of the village chief and all his family members, all were finished.
So where is the difference between Siva and Visnu? This is in Visnu-dharmottara. If you go to South India, that murti is there, linga-sphota Nrisingha is there. Nrisingha has come out from Siva murti. That vigraha is there in South India, linga-sphota Nrisingha. You may go and see. Yes, it is still there.
Siva Tattva and Guru Tattva are the Same
Sivaji is a great devotee, vaisnavanam yatha sambhuh. He is a great devotee of Lord Vishnu and Krsna. In the Brahma Purana, Lord Siva says:
yo hi mam drastum iccheta brahmanam va pitamaham
drastavyas tena bhagavan vasudevah pratapavan
A person who yearns to see me or to see grandfather Brahma should yearn to see the all-powerful Lord Vasudeva." [Brahma Purana 226.46 cited in Bhakti-sandarbha]
Sivaji said, “Those who want to see me and Brahma, pitamah, or get me, they should see the all-powerful Vasudeva.” Because those who know Vasudeva and those who have gotten Vasudeva, they also know Siva and Brahma, they have gotten Siva and Brahma.
Therefore, Prabhupada has said in his purport. Sivaji, Brahma and Visnu, are not equal.
yas tu narayanam devam brahma-rudradi-daivataih
samatvenaiva vikseta sa pasandi bhaved dhruvam
A person who considers demigods like Brahma and Siva to be equal with Narayana is to be considered an offender or pasandi. [Padma Purana cited in Hari-bhakti-vilasa 1.117 and Cc Madhya 18.116]
Pasandi bhaved dhruvam, if someone thinks Siva and Brahma equal to Narayana and offers worship thinking they are all equal, all are isvara, bhagavan, he becomes pasandi. They are not equal, but they are equal in the sense, priyasya-sakhyuh. Equal in that sense. They are not different in that sense. Because they are very intimate, dear friends, therefore it is said they are not different. This is guru-tattva. Saksad-dhari means he is sevaka-bhagavan, servitor Bhagavan. He is asraya-vigraha bhagavan, not visaya-vigraha bhagavan. This is tattva.
This siva-tattva and guru-tattva are the same. Guru and Bhagavan, Siva and Bhagavan have a very intimate relationship, priya-sakhya; a relationship of lover and beloved, premi-premastata. In that sense there is no difference between Siva and Krsna, Guru and Krsna.
In the Caitanya-caritamrta (Adi 1.45) it is said, guru krsna-rupa hana sastrera pramame, according to all revealed scriptures, the spiritual master is non-different from Krsna. Therefore we say, "Guru is Krsna Himself massaging His own legs with His own hands." sadhu-guru-rupe krsna aila nadiya, Krsna took birth in the form of sadhu-guru in Nadiya. This is siva-tattva and guru-tattva are the same tattva. It is a very deep tattva. premi-premastata, lover and beloved, a very intimate relationship.
But if someone thinks that Siva is svatantra isvara, the independent supreme controller, he commits offense. He becomes a pasandi. Rather, he will lose bhakti. If someone however offers worship to Sivaji as a very intimate friend, vaisnavanam yatha sambhuh, chief of the vaisnavas, as a great vaisnava, he gets bhakti.
Therefore vaisnavas worship Siva. The gopis worship Siva, how to get Krsna as their husband. That is Gopishwar Mahadeva in Vrndavan. Similarly, vaisnavas offer worship to Siva as a dear vaisnava, maha-bhagavata, and beg, “give us bhakti.” They never ask for anything material. Demons ask for material gains, material wealth, position and strength.
Sivaji has Two Types of Mercy
Sivaji has two types of krpa sakapata-krpa, akapata-krpa, mercy with duplicity and mercy without duplicity. The demons get mercy with duplicity. Srila Prabhupada has said in the purport the example of demon Ravana. So instead of getting bhakti, He got mercy with duplicity. Demons want material things so they get: material wealth, power, strength, prestige, position. Everything they want Siva gives, “All right, tathastu, take it, take it.” But Sivaji never accepts it himself.
You see Sivaji’s form is naked. He has put on garlands of bones and snakes. His whole body is smeared with ashes. He lives in the cremation ground and dances naked like a madman. That means he kicks out all material assets, wealth, enjoyment, but he gives it to demons, “All right, take it.” This is mercy with duplicity, sakapata-krpa. But the vaisnavas, bhaktas, they get akapata-krpa, mercy without duplicity. They get bhakti. The gopis get, “Let Krsna be our husband.” Sivaji has these two types of mercy.
Padma Purana says:
harir eva sadaradhyah sarva-devesvaresvarah
itare brahma-rudradya navajneyah kadacana
Lord Hari is worshippable by all. He is the controller of the great controllers of the universe. Nevertheless, one should never disrespect Brahma, Siva or the other great souls. [Padma Purana, cited in Bhakti-sandarbha 106.61]
Bhagavan Krsna is isvara of isvaras, paramesvara. He is isvara, controller of all demigods, He is sadaradhyah, He is to be worshiped. As one should pour water at the root of a tree, similarly one should offer worship to Visnu or Krsna, then automatically all the demigods, they benefit. Still, itare brahma-rudradya navajneyah kadacana, a krsna-bhakta or visnu-bhakta should not disrespect Brahma and Siva and all the demigods. He should pay proper respect because they are krsna-dasas, they are also servants of Krsna.
gopalam pujayed yas tu nindayed anya-devatam
astu tavam paro dharmah purva-dharmo 'pi nasyati
If one offers worship to Gopal but disrespects other demigods, his parama-dharma, bhakti, will be lost. He cannot get bhakti. If he has acquired some bhakti, it will be lost, destroyed. So one should not disrespect other demigods. [Gautamiya-tantra, cited in Bhakti-sandarbha 106.62]
One who is offering worship to Gopal, but disrespects other demigods, his parama-dharma, bhakti will be lost. He cannot get bhakti. If he has acquired some bhakti, it will be lost, destroyed. So one should not disrespect other demigods.
Lord Visnu Disguised as Indra
In the Visnu-dharmottara there is another story. There was one King Ambarisa. He is not the Ambarisa in the ninth canto but another Ambarisa, raja. He was a visnu-bhakta, a devotee of Visnu. For many years he underwent very severe austerity, tapasya, penances to please Bhagavan Visnu. So Bhagavan Visnu appeared before him assuming the form of Indra, making Garuda appear as an elephant. So the king was undergoing tapasya to please Visnu. Visnu appeared but in a different form. When the king saw Indra, he paid him respect, dandavata pranama, namaskar, he paid obeisances and gave him a nice seat, “Please sit down here.”
So Visnu in the form of Indra said, “All right, ask for a benediction. What do you want?” The king said, “I don’t want any benediction from you. I want to get a benediction from my ista, worshippable deity, Lord Vishnu. Then indra-rupi-visnu, Indra in the form of Visnu said, “Whatever your ista can give you, I will give you that benediction. Take it from me.”
“No, I don’t want to take any benediction from you.”
Then Indra raised his vajra, “I will crush your head.” Still he was not perturbed. “No, I don’t want any benediction from you. I want benediction from my ista. So He became very pleased. He showed His Visnu form, “I am your ista.”
Never Disrespect Any Living Being
Ambarisa did not disrespect Indra. He paid him respect, offering obeisances. He offered full respect. So this is what this story is teaching. Don’t disrespect. A vaisnava should not disrespect any demigod. That is aparadha, offense.
Here also in the Bhagavatam (4.11.33) you will find Dhruva Maharaja was engaging in killing. When he was engaging in killing the Yakshas, Svayambhuva Manu appeared and said, “Don’t do this.” Svayambhuva Manu told him:
helanam girisa-bhratur dhanadasya tvaya krtam
yaj jaghnivan punya-janan bhratr-ghnan ity amarsitah
“My dear Dhruva, you thought that the Yakshas killed your brother, and therefore you have killed great numbers of them. But by this action you have agitated the mind of Lord Siva’s brother Kuvera, who is the treasurer of the demigods. Please note that your actions have been very disrespectful to Kuvera and Lord Siva.” [SB 4.11.33]
Dhruva is Swayambhuva Manu’s grandson. Kuvera and Lord Siva are brothers, sakha. Dhruva commits aparadha to Lord Siva and Kuvera. When Dhruva heard this, he stopped fighting. Then he offered prayers to Kuvera, “Please excuse my aparadha, offence. Please give me this benediction that I will develop bhakti, bhagavata-bhakti.”
So those who are aspiring after bhagavata-bhakti should not disrespect any demigod, what to speak of Siva, who is deva-deva, chief of the demigods. He is very dear to Krsna.
In Kurma Purana, Bhagavan says:
yo mam samarcayen nityam ekantam bhavam asritah
vinindan devam isanam sa yati narakam dhruvam
One who is offering worship to Me, but disrespects Isana, Sivaji, must go to hell, narakam dhruvam. [Kurma Purana, cited in Bhakti-sandarbha, 106.67]
Bhagavan says, “One who is offering worship to Me, but disrespects Isana, Sivaji, he must go to hell, narakam, dhruvam." The example of Citraketu. Citraketu criticized Sivaji, therefore he was cursed by Parvati Devi and became the demon Vritasura. Sivaji tolerated it, but Parvati Devi couldn’t tolerate it.
Kapiladeva also said, “Even one should not disrespect any living entity.”
dvisatah para-kaye mam manino bhinna-darsinah
bhutesu baddha-vairasya na manah santim rcchati
One who offers Me respect but is envious of the bodies of others and is therefore a separatist never attains peace of mind, because of his inimical behavior towards other living entities. [SB 3.29.23]
Mahaprabhu also said, prani-matre mano-vakye udvega na diba. [Cc. Madhya 22.120] Mahaprabhu’s advice is there. Even you should not hurt any animal with your mind, in your thought or words, what to speak of activity.
aham sarvesu bhutesu bhutatmavasthitah sada
tam avajnaya mam martyah kurute ’rca-vidambanam
I am present in every living entity as the Supersoul. If someone neglects or disregards that Supersoul everywhere and engages himself in the worship of the deity in the temple, that is simply imitation. [SB 3.29.21]
Again Bhagavatam says:
yo mam sarvesu bhutesu santam atmanam isvaram
hitvarcam bhajate maudhyad bhasmany eva juhoti sah
“One who worships the deity of Godhead in the temples but does not know that the Supreme Lord, as Paramatma, is situated in every living entity’s heart, must be in ignorance and is compared to one who offers oblations into ashes,” [SB 3.29.22]
One who offers ablations into the ashes, not into the fire. Do you understand? So many you will find. Mahabharata says:
piteva putram karuno nodvejayati yo janam
visuddhasya hrsikesas-turnam tasya prasidati
"Lord Hrisikesh, Krsna, at once gives His mercy to a person who does not trouble others and who is as kind to them as a father is to his son." [Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, Purva-vibhaga 2.117]
A merciful, affectionate father never tortures his son. Similarly the person who never tortures any animal, Lord Hrisikesh becomes very pleased with you. This is the meaning.
The Ecstatic Dancing of Lord Siva
In Brhad-Bhagavatamrtam [1.2.80-82] you will find, Brahmaji said to Narada, “O Narada, I never see a person who is as dear to Lord Visnu as Lord Siva is. Lord Siva is very dear to Lord Vishnu, Krsna. Because, Lord Siva is always intoxicated from drinking the nectar emanating from the lotus feet of Lord Hari. Always intoxicated and dancing naked. He has kicked out dharma, artha, kama and moksa, all material enjoyment, everything he has kicked out. So he has put on a garland of bones and snakes, thereby he is kicking all material enjoyment. Like a mad, intoxicated person he is moving and dancing, so forcefully dancing that the whole world trembles. This is out of ecstatic love for Krsna he is chanting His nama guna mahima and dancing. On his matted hair he carries the Ganges that emanates from the lotus feet of Lord Hari, because he is the only person to carry it. He dances such an ecstatic dance, the whole world trembles.
Bhagavatamrtam again says:
krsnac chivasya bhedeksa maha-dosa-kari mata
ago bhagavata svasmin ksamyate na sive krtam
One should not see difference between Krsna and Siva. If one sees any difference, he commits great aparadha at the lotus feet of Krsna. Krsna may excuse him, but one who commits aparadha at the lotus feet of Siva, Krsna will not excuse him. It is inexcusable. [Brhad-Bhagavatamrtam 1.2.85]
So one should not see difference between Krsna and Siva. This verse says the same thing. If someone sees a difference, he commits great aparadha. One who commits aparadha at the lotus feet of Krsna, Krsna may excuse him, but one who commits aparadha at the lotus feet of Siva is inexcusable, Krsna won’t excuse him. That he says, vaisnavanam-graganya, [Sivaji is chief of the vaisnavas].
Sivaji is Known as Tripurari
In many places, many times Krsna has saved Siva from dangerous situations. Siva is such a mad fellow, he is asutosa, quickly he becomes satisfied. If you offer one bael leaf, some Ganges water, ‘om namah sivaya’, immediately he becomes pleased, “What you want? All right, have it, tathastu. "So many instances are there, he thereby puts himself into very dangerous situations. But Krsna saves him.
There is always fighting between devas and danavas, demigods and demons. Once the demons were defeated by the demigods so they took shelter of Maya Danava, who is very expect in illusory tricks. Maya Danava built three vimanas, aeroplanes, made out of gold, silver and iron. They were known as Tripura, three puras or cities. The demons began residing there causing much trouble for the demigods.
So all the devatas, demigods, took shelter of Sivaji. Sivaji took out his bow and arrow and tried to kill all demons. He killed almost all demons but Maya Danava was very clever. He created a very big pot of amrta, nectar and put all the demons killed by Sivaji into that pot of amrta. They got back their life again. In his way Siva couldn’t kill them.
Siva thought, “What happened!! They are again getting up? I’m killing them and again they are getting up, what is happened? So Sivaji was in danger. He couldn’t think what to do? Krsna saw that His dear devotee was in danger. Krsna immediately assumed the form of a cow and made Brahma a calf. So both cow and calf went at noontime to the amrta-kunda. There was very strict security guards there. Nobody was allowed entrance. But going in the form of a calf and a cow they allowed, “Oh, all right, let cow and calf go in.” So they drank all the nectar. Now that pot of amrta was empty. Siva was then able to kill all the demons. Sivaji also, by shooting arrows burned the puras to ashes. Therefore one of his names is Tripurari.
Sivaji Gives the Demon Vrikasura a Boon
Do you know the story of Vrikasura? Vrikasura got a boon from Sivaji that if he put his hand on someone’s head that person would immediately die. But Vrikasura demon had no faith in Siva’s words, because he got that boon very easily. Sivaji is immediately satisfied, asutosa. “All right, what do you want?” “Yes, I want the boon, that if I put my hand on somebody’s head he will immediately die.” Sivaji said, “Tathastu, tathastu, all right, let it be.” Immediately Sivaji gave. Vrikasura thought, 'I will test it. I will put my hand on Siva’s head and test it.' So he ran behind Siva, but what Siva had said is the truth. Now Siva is in a dangerous situation. Siva is running and Vrikasura is running behind.
Krsna saw His dear friend is in danger. So Krsna came out in the form of a boy brahmacari. “Hey! Why are you running behind Siva so breathlessly?” Vrikasura said, “Oh he gave me this boon. I want to test it by putting my hand on his head.” Krsna said, “Oh, you are a fool. Do you believe in the words of Siva? He is a madman. I never believe.” Krsna said, “I never believe Siva. He is a madman, naked fellow. He has put on a garland of snakes and bones. His whole body is smeared with ashes. He lives in the crematorium ground. He is a naked fellow, dancing like a madman. Does anybody believe in the words of madmen? Do you believe? You are such a nice person, wise man, why are you running? Why don’t you test it by putting your own hand on your own head? Put your own hand and test it and see how it is a lie, then you kill Siva. That liar should be killed.” Vrikasura thought, “Oh yes, that is a very nice idea. It is very nice.” He put his hand on his own head and was killed. Sivaji was saved. In many places Krsna saved Sivaji from dangerous situations.
In Brhad-bhagavatamrta Brahmaji said, "Krsna never gets angry with Siva but He got angry with me when I gave that boon to Hiranyakasipu." Rather, after the death of Vrikasura Krsna spoke such soft, sweet words to Sivaji, yes. He never gets angry with Siva, no.
In tenth canto you will find what Krsna said to Siva after the death of Vrikasura:
muktam girisam abhyaha bhagavan purusottamah
aho deva maha-deva papo ’yam svena papmana
hatah ko nu mahatsv isa jantur vai krta-kilbisah
ksemi syat kim u visvese krtagasko jagad-gurau
The Supreme Personality of Godhead then addressed Lord Girisa, who was now out of danger: "Just see, O Mahadeva, My lord, how this wicked man has been killed by his own sinful reactions. Indeed, what living being can hope for good fortune if he offends exalted saints, what to speak of offending the lord and spiritual master of the universe?" [SB 10.88.38-39]
After the death of Vrikasura Krsna spoke such nice words. He said, “Oh, Jagatguru Mahadeva this asura, this demon rascal is killed because of his sinful reactions. You are jagat-guru, mahajana, if somebody commits aparadha to a mahajana and jagat-guru like you, how will he get any auspiciousness, kalyana? No!”
Lord Krsna is Never Angry with Sivaji
Brahma said, “So He says such nice, sweet words to Siva. Krsna never gets angry. But He got angry with me when I gave that benediction to Hiranyakasipu. Narada, you can understand how Sivaji is very dear to Lord Krsna. He is so dear. Not only that, Siva is so dear to Lord Krsna that in His incarnations as Parasurama and Lord Rama, He has offered worship to Sivaji Yes, Siva is so dear.”
Again in Brhad-bhagavatamrta [1.2.89-90] Brahma says to Narada:
tisthatapi svayam saksat krsnenamrta-manthane
prajapatibhir aradhya sa gauri-prana-vallabhah
samanayya visam ghoram payayitva vibhusitah
maha-mahima-dharabhir abhisiktas ca tat sphutam
Brahma said, “Oh Narada, you know when the demigods and demons were churning the milk ocean to get amrta, nectar, that visa, poison came out. That ocean like poison, very dreadful poison came out. All became frightened. What to do with it? Nobody wanted to take it. Who can take such poison? When all good things came out of the churning of the ocean, they all took. But when poison came out, all were afraid. Neither the demons nor the demigods were prepared to take it. So, Krsna was present there. If He would have cast His nectarean, merciful glance on that poison, immediately it would have been turned into nectar, but He didn’t do it. He didn’t do it. Rather, He told Prajapati [Brahma], “You go to Siva, offer worship to him, satisfy him, request him to come, come and save you from this danger. He will drink the poison.” Rather, He gave this instruction. So Prajapati went there, offered worship to Sivaji, and pleased him. Then Sivaji came and drank all the poison. Lord Krsna could have done it, but why He didn’t do it? To give credit to His dear, very intimate friend, Siva He instructed like this and to show that Siva should be worshiped.
So many things we will see in this siva-tattva.
Sivaji is Worshiped More Than Lord Krsna
In Brhad-bhagavatamrta it is also said:
krsnasya pritaye tasmac chraisthyam apy abhivanchata
tad-bhaktataiva caturya-visesenarthita tvaya
Narada said, “Once Lord Siva offered worship to Krsna and pleased Him and begged for this benediction,” ‘O Lord, I should be worshiped more than Yourself. Give me this benediction.’” That is a fact. Siva is worshiped more than Krsna. Both devotees and demons offer worship to Siva. Only devotees offer worship to Krsna. Demons never worship Krsna. So both demons and devotees offer worship to Siva and Krsna gave that benediction, “Yes, tathastu, you should be worshiped more than Myself.”
Narada says, "This Sivaji is very intelligent, caturjya. He intelligently got that benediction. Why? Because a krsna-bhakta will be worshiped more than Krsna, mad-bhakta-pujabhyadhika. Krsna says in eleventh canto, [SB 11.19.21] mad-bhakta-pujabhyadhika — bhakta-puja, the worship of My devotee is superior type of worship then direct worship to Me. That is mentioned here in the Srimad Bhagavatam. He is such a dear devotee, a great devotee of Krsna, therefore his puja is adhika [more]. He is worshiped more than Krsna. He got that benediction. Because he is very clever, he asked for that benediction because he is a dear devotee. So many things you will find. This is siva-tattva and this verse says like that.
“Lord Siva is the incarnation of the Lord, and thus he represents the Supersoul in the embodied soul. He can sustain your forceful waves on his head. Lord Siva is the Supreme Personality of Godhead in the same sense that yogurt is also milk although at the same time it is not milk. For the maintenance of the material world there are three incarnations—Brahma, Visnu and Maheswar (Lord Siva). Lord Siva is Visnu in an incarnation of the mode of ignorance. The material world exists predominantly in the mode of ignorance. Therefore Lord Siva is compared here to the longitude and latitude of the entire universe, which resembles a cloth woven of threads extending for both its length and breadth.” [SB 9.9.7, purport]
Therefore Lord Krsna told Brahma to go and worship Sivaji. "Only he can sustain. Nobody else can sustain. So only Siva can come and save you from this dreadful poison. You should go and offer worship to Siva, please him. So request him, and he will come and drink. Siva is so powerful."
He is such a dear devotee, priyasya-sakhyuh, a very dear friend. There is an intimate relationship between Them, lover and beloved relationship. Sri-Guru and Sri-Siva both have the same intimate relationship with the Lord, priyasya-sakhyuh — kinto prabhor yah priya eva tasya. This is tattva.
Srila Prabhupadaji Maharaja ki jaya!
Jaya Srila Gurudeva!